Skip to main content

Civil Liberties Act of 1988 turns 25

 
Today is the 25th anniversary of the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, the law that apologized and authorized compensation for the internment of Japanese-American citizens during World War II.  Parties who would like to learn about the internment or its aftermath may be interested in the following historical legal documents:
 
  • Executive Order 9066: In 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt designated certain areas of the United States as “military areas” from which all persons could be excluded, and authorized the Secretary of War to enforce compliance with this exclusion policy.
  • Executive Order 9102: Also in 1942, President Roosevelt formed the War Relocation Authority, an agency empowered to establish internment camps and to relocate persons to those camps.
  • Korematsu v. United States: This 1944 Supreme Court case ruled that Executive Order 9066 was constitutional.
  • Executive Order 9742: President Harry S. Truman terminated the War Relocation Authority in 1946.
  • Proclamation 4417: With this 1976 proclamation President Gerald R. Ford rescinded Executive Order 9066.
  •  Civil Liberties Act of 1988: This Act apologized for the internment and offered $20,000 in compensation to each victim.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Law School Exams: A Guide to Better Grades

It’s that time of year again. Law students across the country are poring over their class notes and supplements, putting the finishing touches on their outlines, and fueling their all-night study sessions with a combination of high-carb snacks and Java Monsters. This can mean only one thing: exam time is approaching.

If you’re looking for a brief but effective guide to improving your exam performance, the O’Quinn Law Library has the book for you. Alex Schimel’s Law School Exams: A Guide to Better Grades, now in its second edition, provides a clear and concise strategy for mastering the issue-spotting exams that determine the majority of your grade in most law school classes. Schimel finished second in his class at the University Of Miami School Of Law, where he taught a wildly popular exam workshop in his 2L and 3L years, and later returned to become Associate Director of the Academic Achievement Program. The first edition of his book was written shortly after he finished law school, …

Citing to Vernon's Texas Codes Annotated: Finding Accurate Publication Dates (without touching a book)

When citing to a current statute, both the Bluebook (rule 12.3.2) and Greenbook (rule 10.1.1) require a  practitioner to provide the publication date of the bound volume in which the cited code section appears. For example, let's cite to the codified statute section that prohibits Texans from hunting or selling bats, living or dead. Note, however, you may remove or hunt a bat that is inside or on a building occupied by people. The statute is silent as to Batman, who for his own safety, best stay in Gotham City.
This section of the Texas Parks and Wildlife code is 63.101. "Protection of Bats." After checking the pocket part and finding no updates in the supplement, my citation will be:
Tex. Parks & Wild. Code Ann. § 63.101 (West ___ ). When I look at the statute in my bound volume of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Code, I can clearly see that the volume's publication date is 2002. But, when I find the same citation on Westlaw or LexisNexis, all I can see is that the …